activities can be completed over several days. Older students
may complete them in less time.
1: 30 minutes to prepare and paint Sun pictures.
2: 30 minutes to complete labels and glue to covers.
3: 30 minutes to prepare the Moon disk and labels, and
assemble the book covers. (See photos)
A basic under-standing of the movements of the Sun, Earth,
Knowledge of how the Sun, Earth, and Moon interact to create
a solar eclipse.
A basic understanding of the size and spatial positions
of the Sun, Earth and Moon.
sheets (9 x 12-inch) of black construction paper per student
1 sheet (9 x 12-inch) of white construction paper per
Yellow, orange, and red tempera paint
Paint brushes (1/2 to 1-inch wide brushes work well)
1 7-inch paper plate per student
Labeling work sheets
1 brad per student
time to locate materials and copy work sheets.
Eclipse Book" Work Sheets
View Completed Student Work
the Sun including features such as flares, sunspots, and
the Moon in their rendering of the solar eclipse.
the Moon and the various solar features in their eclipse
1: Painting the Sun
to students that they will make scientific illustrations
for the covers of their Eclipse Books and that their books
will contain all their work from the suite of Sun lessons.
students set up a paint palette with yellow, orange, and
red paint. Paints should be thin enough so the colors will
each student two pieces of black construction paper and
a paper plate.
students to place the plate in the middle of one piece of
black paper and trace a circle to serve as the outline of
the paper plates to trace the outline of the Moon later
in this activity.
painting with yellow paint. Ask students to paint most of
the circle yellow, leaving small spots of the black paper,
about the size of a dime, showing through (for sunspots
and flares). For best results, load the brush with paint
and "pat" it onto the circle. Avoid brushing the
paint as it will not produce the granular appearance of
students it's OK to paint outside the circle because the
extra paint creates the Sun's corona, prominences, and magnetic
students pat the orange and red paint directly on top of
the wet yellow paint, leaving some yellow and black areas
the paint is still wet, ask students to place the second
piece of black paper directly on the painted paper and gently
rub the sandwiched papers to blend the colors.
apart the two pieces of paper and set aside to dry. One
Sun will be used for the Eclipse Book's front cover, and
the other for the back cover. (See
to students that they will be labeling their Sun illustrations.
work sheet. Ask students to write their names on the
"author" label on the work sheet.
the features of the Sun and the key vocabulary with students.
Use the "Science Word Wall" as a resource. Some
possible vocabulary terms are: corona, sunspot, prominence,
solar flare, magnetic loop, core, diameter, and surface.
students make their labels using the vocabulary words.
the labels are completed, have students cut them out and
glue them onto one of their Sun paintings (this will be
the back cover of their Eclipse Book).
other Sun painting will be the Eclipse Book front cover.
Ask students to glue the title and author labels on the
the "Moon in Shadow" and "Moon in Light"
labels for Day 3.
3: Making the Moon and Putting the Eclipse Book Together!
each student one piece of black and one piece of white construction
paper, and a 7-inch paper plate.
students to glue the white and black pieces of paper together,
place the paper plate on the white side and trace a circle.
students cut out the circle to make a disk representing
students how to put the pieces of the eclipse model together.
Ask them which side of the Moon disk (when placed over the
Sun painting) is in the Sun's light, and which is in shadow.
Ask them to explain their answer.
students to label the shadow side of the Moon disk with
the "Moon in Shadow" label, and the light side
with the "Moon in Light" label. Cut labels and
glue in place.
the labeled Moon disk to the Sun with a brad. Younger students
may need help with this part of the activity. Have students
punch a hole in the top of the Moon disk, and place it over
the painting of the Sun with the black side facing outward.
Push the brad through the cover and flare the brad.
corona and prominences will be visible around the outer
edge of the Moon and will simulate the Sun during a total
Eclipse Books can be spiral bound or stapled after student
work sheets and student writing have been inserted.
the covers is not essential, but contributes to a longer-lasting
student portfolio for the classroom and students' parents.
About the Sun
writing paper. Ask the students to use their illustrations
of the Sun to write a descriptive paragraph.
them to use the "Science Word Wall" for vocabulary
words in their writing. Students should be able to describe
a solar flare, solar prominence, the corona, sunspots, and
the surface of the Sun.
concepts to include are what the Sun is made of, its temperature,
and what happens during a solar eclipse (Sun, Moon, Earth
students are not able to write yet, take a dictation to
capture their knowledge of these concepts.
the Labeling work Sheet and eclipse books to assess your students'
related books and websites.